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The Forgotten Ten

Senator Labhrás Ó Murchú  has raised in Seanad Éireann the question of the executed Irish patriots who are still buried in prison soil. "It is only right", he said, "that the mortal remains of such noble people should be re-interred in a more dignified place - i.e. Glasnevin Cemetery - than a prison yard" affording people the opportunity to visit the graves and show their respect. The ten patriots were subsequently repatriated  and given a state funeral.”

Who are the forgotten ten? 

Kevin Barry: (18), UCD Student, hanged on 1st November, 1920.
Frank Flood: (19), UCD Student, hanged on 14th March, 1921.
Patrick Doyle: (29), Carpenter, hanged on 14th March, 1921.
Thomas Bryan: (22), Electrician, married, hanged on 14th March, 1921.
Bernard Ryan (20), Tailor Presser, hanged on 14th March, 1921.
Patrick Moran: (26), Grocers Assistant, hanged on 14th March, 1921.
Thomas Whelan: (22), of Clifden, Co. Galway, hanged 14th March 1921.
Thomas Traynor: (40), Married with large family, hanged 25th April, 1921.
Edmund Foley: (23), Farmer's Son, Co. Limerick, hanged 7th June, 1921.
Patrick Maher: (32) years, Knocklong, hanged 7th June, 1921. 

The best known of the "Forgotten Ten" is, of course, Kevin Barry. This is due mainly to his youth, he was an eighteen year old student at U.C.D. His was the first hanging in Mountjoy in a 20 year period and the story of how he was tortured received world coverage. Each of these volunteers played his part and each paid the supreme sacrifice for the land that they loved. 

Frank Flood was a close friend of Kevin Barry and also a student at U.C.D. He was nineteen years at the time of his execution. Bernard Ryan was only twenty years of age on that fateful day. Bernard, like Kevin and Frank, was born in Dublin. He was educated in St. Gabriel's, was keen on sport, especially Gaelic games. It is interesting to note that he was present on Bloody Sunday in Croke Park as a spectator and later became a victim. 

Patrick Doyle was married with twin baby daughters. He was brother of Sean Doyle who was killed at the Custom House in 1921. There was approximately six weeks between the deaths of these two brothers in the National cause. Sean is buried in Glasnevin. Patrick was buried in the yard of Mountjoy prison. Why? Thomas Bryan was on hunger strike with Thomas Ashe in 1917. On the death of Thomas Ashe, Bryan was transferred to Dundalk Jail but later found himself back in Mountjoy, He was also a young married man. Just 3 months married at the time of his execution. 

Thomas Whelan was a native of Clifden, a happy cheerful twenty two year old fond of singing. When his mother visited him on the night before his execution, dressed in the usual attire of the women from Connemara, he sang for her  "It was short the night we parted, too quickly came the day, the last fond glimpse I caught of you in your shawl of Galway Grey". It was reported that even the warders were moved to tears. The last of the 6 to be executed on 14th 

March 1921 was Capt. Patrick Moran, a native of Roscommon. He had been a prisoner in Kilmainham Jail with Donnelly and Teeling. Teeling had been captured on the morning of Bloody Sunday. An escape was planned for the three prisoners. Moran decided that two would have a better chance and since there was no charge that could be proven against him he would remain. How wrong he was. Teeling and DonnelIy made good their escape which had been well planned and Moran was executed on 14th March 1921 with five of his comrades. 

Thomas Whelan and Patrick Moran were hanged together at 6 a.m. Patrick Doyle and Bernard Ryan at 7 a.m. and Frank Flood and Thomas Bryan at 8a.m., all on the 14Th March 1921. 

It should be stated that many of these young Volunteers were executed as a reprisal for the events of Bloody Sunday, 21st November 1920. They were charged with High Treason. 

Thomas Traynor, a native of Carlow was hanged on the 26th April, 1921. He was arrested on 14th March 1921 the day the six were executed. He was thirty nine years old, married with 10 children the eldest eighteen years old, the youngest six months. He served in Boland's Mill Easter week, 1916 and was later interned at Frongoch. 

The remaining two volunteers of the "Forgotten Ten" are generally known as the Knocklong boys. They were friends from Galbally, Co. Limerick. They were arrested after a successful rescue of a prisoner Vol. Hogan from a train. He was being transferred to Cork Jail. They were Patrick Maher and Edmund Foley. Both were hanged on 7th June 1921. 

 

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